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Healthy life is the form of balance energy, which is maintained 24×7 in between organism and environment. Heat is one of the symbolic measurements of life. “Cool is dead”. Heat is measured by temperature and this temperature is an essential factor in the metabolism of body. In general by food and in disease, medicine is used to regulate and maintain this heat, which is the energy of life. Energy is represented by AGNI in Ayurveda. In Ayurveda 13 AGNI is defined-5 Bhuta Agni, 7 Dhatwa Agni and 1 Jathara Agni. In Dravya (either food or medicine), with combination of Panchmahabhuta and Bhutagni six types of Rasa is generated i.e. Madhura– Jala + Prithavi, Amla-Prithavi + Agni, Lawan-Jala + Agni, Katu– Vayu + Agni, Tikta – Vayu + Akash, Kashaya– Vayu + Prithavi . As food is Rasa pradhan and medicine is viryapradhan, which is also explained on the basis of rasa i.e., Ushnavirya – Amla, Lavana, Katu and Shitavirya– Madhura, tikta, Kashaya. Jatharagni convert food in Rasa, which is metabolized in Dhatus by Dhatwagni and converted into further dhatus, updhatus, mala and energy. This energy cycle goes on 24×7 for whole life time, without interruption. If any of 13 Agni is disturbed, the sequence of energy generation is affected, due to which disease is caused. For treatment, the reserved energy in dravya, is in the form of Rasa and virya, which is used to adjust that excessor deficient energy and balance the energy-mass ratio in stable form.
Keywords: Bhutagni, dhatwagni, jatharagni, bhesaj, virya, energy-mass ratio.