Biomedical waste management in Hospitals


Gunjal Priya and Prabhat Kumar Dwivedi

Department. Of Ras-Shastra, Govt. Ayurvedic College, Kadam Kuan, Patna



Hospital waste is a special type of waste which carries high potential of infection and injury. It is essential that all medical waste materials are segregated at the point of generation, appropriately treated and disposed safely. This paper focuses on the identification and classification of biomedical waste. It also focuses on Steps involved in Bio-medical waste management, waste segregation, colour coding for waste segregation and its collection, treatment and disposal as per rules, 2016. This paper also comprises how to keep record of all waste material disposals. On the basis of this data we can get various options for reuse and recycle of waste material. Today, Current disposal techniques adopted for hospital wastes are- sewage/drains, incineration and Autoclave. But these methods are having some merits as well as demerits. This review creates interesting areas for future research too. Researchers should focus on the usage of effective micro-organism and solar energy in waste disposal. The waste to energy concept should be further developed to conserve the fossil fuels. So it is ethical and social responsibility of health care professionals to do proper identification, segregation and disposal of bio medical waste. Keywords:-Bio-medical waste, segregation, incineration

Download full paper